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Vocabulary I: Horse Body Parts

Horse Body Parts

Back: Begins at the end of the withers and is where a saddle sits on a horse.

Barrel: The middle of a horse where the ribcage is.

Cannon: The area on the horse between the hock and the fetlock, sometimes called a cannon bone since there is a type of horse bit called a cannon.

Chestnut: A small sometimes horn–like callus on the inside of a horse's legs.

Chin Groove: The part of the horse's head behind the lower lip and chin.

Coronet: The lowest part of the pastern of a horse where it meets the hoof.

Crest: The upper part of the neck on a horse where the mane grows.

Croup:The highest part of the rump or buttocks of the horse.

Dock: The fleshy top part of the horse's tail.

Elbow: The joint on the front legs of a horse where the barrel meets the legs.

Ergot: The part on the back of the fetlock where a callous forms.

Fetlock: Sometimes called a horse's ankle, the fetlock is actually more like the ball of the foot on humans.

Forearm: The area on the front legs of a horse between the knee and the elbow.

Forehead: The part of the face above the eyes on a horse.

Gaskin: The area on the hind leg of a horse between the stifle and hock.


Heel:The middle part of the hoof is called the heel on a horse.

Hock: The joint on the hind leg of a horse that acts like a human ankle.

Hoof: The foot of the horse or the part of the foot that touches the ground.

Knee: On the front legs of a horse, the part that does the same thing as a knee on a human.

Loin: Behind where the saddle sits to where the hip of the horse begins.

Muzzle: The part of the head that comes out of a horse's face including the jaw, mouth and nose.

Pastern: The part of a horse between a fetlock and a hoof.

Point of Hip: The area below where the loin and croup meet – the hip of the horse.

Poll: The back part of a horse's head.

Shoulder: The area on a horse that is close to where the human shoulder would be.

Stifle: The spot on a horse where the human knee would be.

Tail: The long hairs that grow from the dock on a horse.

Throat Latch: Where a horse's throat meets the chin, its where the bridle goes on a horse.

Withers: The highest part of a back of a horse, behind the neck and between the shoulders.